What are the 4 Surveillances?

What are the 4 Surveillances?

The concept of health surveillance includes: surveillance and control of communicable diseases; surveillance of non  communicable diseases and conditions; health situation surveillance, environmental health surveillance , worker health surveillance and health surveillance .

What are the stages of investigating foodborne disease outbreaks?

Investigating an outbreak involves around 5 steps or conditions necessary to achieve good results: Step 1: Planning for field work ; Step 2: Case definition and field investigation ; Step 3: Processing research data ; Step 4: Implementation of control and…

How is outbreak investigation carried out?

FIELD INVESTIGATION The occurrence of outbreaks can be identified in several ways. Among them, the following stand out: Notification by health professionals who notice in their routine an increase in the number of cases of a certain disease or its severity. Information coming from the community and notified to the authorities.

Are these steps for investigating an epidemic or outbreak?


  1. Step 1. Confirmation of the Disease Diagnosis.
  2. Step 2. Confirmation of the Existence of an Epidemic or Outbreak .
  3. Step 3. Characterization of the Epidemic .
  4. Step 4. Formulation of Preliminary Hypotheses.
  5. Step 5. Partial Analysis.
  6. Step 6. Active Case Search.
  7. Step 7. Search for Additional Data.
  8. Step 8. Final Analysis.

How to investigate a food outbreak?

Stages of Investigating a DTA Outbreak (Ministry of Health, 2010). Investigate each case/person involved in the outbreak using Form 03 (Individual DTA Investigation Form): Apply the form to notified patients, non-notified patients and non-patients who consumed the same suspected food.

What characterizes a DTA outbreak?

A DTHA outbreak is defined as an incident in which two or more people experience a similar illness after ingesting the same food or water, and epidemiological analyzes point to the same as the origin of the illness.

What is a food poisoning?

– food poisoning : these are diseases that result from the ingestion of foods that contain organisms that are harmful to health and that release toxic substances.

What is the difference between endemic and epidemic and outbreak?

A disease is considered an epidemic when there are a higher than expected number of cases in several locations. If dengue had reached, even in large numbers, only isolated regions, it would be considered an outbreak . Outbreak : occurs when there is a sudden increase in the number of cases of a disease in a specific region.

What is the difference between an outbreak, an epidemic and a pandemic Brainly?

Outbreak happens when there is a sudden increase in the number of a disease. An epidemic occurs when the outbreak occurs in several regions, which may be municipal, state or national. A pandemic is when the epidemic spreads across different regions of the planet, to several continents, etc.

What is the difference between endemic epidemic and pandemic Brainly?

Pandemic : On a scale of severity, the pandemic is the worst-case scenario. It happens when an epidemic spreads across different regions of the planet. Endemic : A disease is classified as endemic (typical) of a region when it occurs very frequently in the location.

What is the difference between pandemic and epidemic Brainly?

Response. Hello! Epidemic refers to the increase in the number of cases of a disease in a given region and period. Pandemic comprises a higher-than-expected number of cases of disease, affecting several countries and continents.

What is a pandemic Brainly?

The word pandemic means that it is an infection that affects the world with a new disease. This term is used when an epidemic , which is a large outbreak that affects a region, and spreads across different continents with transmission that infects one person to other people.

What does the word endemic mean?

Med Infectious disease that occurs frequently in a country or region, at certain times, and affects a significant number of individuals.

What is an endemic pandemic?

When an endemic or epidemic reaches large proportions, we call it a pandemic . For example: many people in some neighborhoods of the city had dengue fever: epidemic or endemic . Many, many people from all neighborhoods in the city, including the center, had dengue: pandemic .

What characterizes a disease as endemic or epidemic Brainly?

Pandemic: is a widely spread epidemic disease . Epidemic: is an infectious disease that occurs habitually and with incidence. Endemic : is an infectious disease that occurs habitually and with significant incidence in a given population or region.

What is social isolation Brainly?

Response. Answer: Social isolation is behavior where a person or group of people, voluntarily or involuntarily, withdraws from social interactions and activities. Generally, this behavior manifests itself in two scenarios.

What is the difference between poisoning infection and food poisoning?

In contrast, food poisoning occurs when an individual eats food that already contains toxic substances produced by microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi.

What is an infection and intoxication?

In the case of infections caused by ingesting contaminated products, it becomes more difficult as symptoms appear later. According to the WHO, the definition of Food Poisoning is a disease of an infectious or toxic nature, caused or potentially caused by the consumption of food or water.

What is the difference between infection and food poisoning?

These terms are often used interchangeably, but there are differences . Intoxication is not always associated with the presence of an infectious agent, while in infection there are bacteria, protozoa or viruses causing symptoms.

What is a good medicine for food poisoning?

The main remedies indicated for food poisoning are:

  1. Activated charcoal. …
  2. Painkillers. …
  3. Antibiotics. …
  4. Probiotics.

What is an infection?

Infection can be defined, according to the Ministry of Health, as “penetration and development or multiplication of an infectious agent in the body of man or another animal.” The infection can trigger some clinical manifestations, in which case it is called an infectious disease.

How to identify food poisoning?

Symptoms of food poisoning Regardless of the determining microorganism, the effects of acute food poisoning are all similar: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, cramps, malaise. In more severe cases, dehydration, weight loss and a drop in blood pressure may occur.

What are the risks of food poisoning?

They can be caused by food preparation or deterioration. “When poisoning is caused by bacteria, it is more serious and can lead to acute dehydration and blood pressure shock. Vomiting, fever, diarrhea appear and, in more serious stages, it even leads to bleeding”, explains clinician Antonio Carlos Lopes.

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