What are the precautions with venous access?

What are the precautions with venous access?

Peripheral venous access care

  1. Always wash your hands before coming into contact with the patient;
  2. Check that the access is well fixed to the skin;
  3. When bathing, protect access and prevent water from falling into the area – this can be done with plastic;


What are the types of venous access?

The most commonly used technique for performing central venous catheterization is called the Seldinger technique…. Types of central venous access

  • Subclavian vein;
  • Internal jugular vein;
  • Femoral vein.


What types of peripheral access are there?

It is the route of administering medication directly into the veins, it is possible to administer medication in large quantities and those that are not possible to be administered orally . There are two types: peripheral venous access , which is the insertion of a catheter into the limbs (arm, hand, leg, etc.)

What are the types of catheter?

Types of catheter

  • Jelco intravenous catheter – this is a basic medical material, used to introduce medications into the bloodstream. …
  • Double J catheter – is used to drain urine from the kidneys to the bladder. …
  • Nasal catheter – is applied when the patient needs to receive oxygen through oxygen therapy.


What are the types of central venous catheters?

Temporary central venous catheter (non-tunneled): This is the type of access most used in patients admitted to intensive and semi-intensive care units or in cases of major surgery….

  • internal jugular vein (IJV)
  • subclavian vein (VSC)
  • femoral vein (VF)
  • external jugular vein (ESV);
  • antecubital vein.


What types of catheter are they used for?

There are two types of catheters : the peripheral venous catheter , which is the introduction of a catheter into the limbs, such as the arm, hand and leg; and the central venous catheter , which is used in patients who require larger amounts of medication and serum, as well as specific medications, such as chemotherapy or parental diet.

What is a central venous catheter?

Central venous access ( CVA) involves a large-caliber catheter inserted into a vein in the neck, upper chest, or groin (femoral) area to administer drugs that cannot be administered by mouth or through conventional venous access (cannula). or tube in an arm vein).

What are the indications for CVC?

Usual indications for CVC insertion include the need for venous access (including the need for frequent collection of blood samples), monitoring, cardiac pacing, hemodialysis, and centrally administered intravenous therapies (e.g., inotropes, vasopressors, parenteral nutrition …

What are the possible complications of CVC?

The main complications found related to the catheter insertion process were: arterial puncture, bleeding, pneumothorax and air embolism.

What is the nursing care for a patient with a central venous catheter?

In specific CVC care , hand hygiene must be performed before and after touching the catheter insertion site , as well as before and after insertion, removal, manipulation or dressing change. It is important to emphasize that the use of gloves does not replace the need for hand hygiene 20.

How long does a central venous access last?

Normally this procedure is only performed if urgent central venous access is not possible. It is a short-term option (usually 4 to 5 days in adult populations) and has a high risk of infectious complications.

How long can peripheral venous access last?

Catheter dwell time varied between three and 120 hours, with an average of 49 hours. Nursing plays an important role in preventing complications associated with maintaining peripheral venous access , and must carefully evaluate the risks of phlebitis.

When to perform central venous access?

What are the indications for central venous access ?

  • Hemodynamic monitoring;
  • Maintenance of an infusion route for solutions or medications;
  • Prolonged parenteral nutrition;
  • Chemotherapy;
  • Hemodialysis;
  • Rapid replacement of fluids or blood in trauma or surgery;
  • Temporary artificial cardiac stimulation;


How long can a patient stay on Jelco?

A short-term infusion is defined as one whose duration is less than 30 days.

How long can the patient stay on Scalp?

Unlike the intravenous catheter, the butterfly scalp should be used for short-term infusion (around 24 hours), with a low volume, when there is no need to maintain access to the patient .

What is Jelco?

The Jelco intravenous catheter is a basic medical device used to introduce medication into the bloodstream. … It is a different material due to the way it is constructed, it has a Teflon catheter that surrounds the catheter with a stainless needle.

What is Abocath in nursing?

Flexible Catheters, also known as “ Abocath , Jelco” are short-term catheters that are used to monitor the patient, administer medication serotherapy, where they are made up of cylindrical, cannulated and perforating materials.

What does Abocath do?

It is an accessory (if you can call it that) that is used in Medicine to perform venipunctures. … The needle pierces the skin and vein and the abocath is nothing more than a “tube” that is connected to the vein and also allows the patient to move their arm more freely.

What are the types of Abocath?

Abocath / Catheter over needle

  • Jelco 14 and 16: Adolescents and Adults, major surgeries, whenever large quantities of liquids must be infused. …
  • Jelco 18: Older children, teenagers and adults. …
  • Jelco 20: Children, adolescents and adults. …
  • Jelco 22: Babies, children, adolescents and adults (especially the elderly).


What is the difference between a catheter and a scalp?

The scalp should be used for immediate medication administration, where there is no need to maintain access to the patient. The catheter should be used for intermittent use of fluids, where there is a need to maintain access to the patient for a prolonged period.

What catheter number is for each piercing?


  • Ear: E: 1.2 mm. L: 8mm.
  • Nostril: E: 0.6 mm. L: 8mm.
  • Septum: E: 1.2 mm. L: 8mm.
  • Eyebrow: E: 1.2 mm. L: 8mm.
  • Nipple: E: 1.2 mm. L: 15mm.
  • Navel: E: 1.6 mm. L: 10mm.
  • Transverse: E: 1.2 mm. L: 40mm.


What is the difference between scalp and Jelco?

The jelco . Jelco , unlike scalp , has a longer residence time, also allowing the infusion of large volumes quickly. It is a flexible device where the needle is surrounded by a flexible mandrel. After the puncture, the needle is removed, leaving only the mandrel in the lumen of the vein.

What sizes are Jelco?

They are numbered in even numbers from 14 (largest and largest) to 24 (smallest and thinnest): Jelco 14 and 16: Adolescents and Adults, important surgeries, whenever large quantities of liquids must be infused. More painful insertion requires a large vein.

How to choose the catheter size?

The catheter is chosen based on the patient’s height. On the side of the packaging there is a table indicating the appropriate catheter for each patient.

What are the Scalp sizes?

As this needle is not flexible, it requires care from the professional so as not to injure the punctured limb or burst the vein that was punctured. Scalp gauges are always odd and range from numbers 19 to 27, remembering that the lower the number, the larger the gauge.

What are the best places for venipuncture?

Recommended : cephalic, basilic, median, forearm and venous plexus on the back of the hand; distal to proximal direction; Choose the catheter appropriate to the caliber of the peripheral vessel; Attach the tourniquet above the chosen location (do not place it over the joints);

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Back to top button